West Bengal is the eastern state of India. It is ranked as the 4th most populous state with the population of 91,347,736 inhabitants. It shares its boundaries with five national and three international boundaries. Kolkata is the capital city of West Bengal. With the area of 88,752 square kilometres, the state becomes 14th largest in the country. It was established on 15th August 1947 as an independent state.
Bengali is the regional language of the state with English as the official language. Kolkata is considered as the ‘Cultural Capital of India’, due to the cultural heritage that the state is protecting. In Bengali, the state is pronounced as Bangla or Bongo. The state is divided into two divisions, East Bengal and West Bengal. The official name for the West Bengal is proposed as Poschimbongo.
Specialties of West Bengal: -
Points of interest: -Victoria Memorial, Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park, Belur math, Dakshineswer Kali Temple, Sunderbans, Tiger Hill (Darjeeling), Sunderans Nation park, Fort William Marble Palace Zoo, Batasia Loop, Peace Pagoda (Darjeeling), Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Eden Gardens, Howrah Bridge, Shaheed Minar (Kolkata), Mirik, Alipore Zoological Gardens, Aquatica, Tipu Sultan Mosque, Samsing, Rabindra Sarobar, Birla mandir (Kolkata), New Town Eco Park, Vidyasagar Setu and much more places.....
Bengal incorporates the rich heritage of literature that also displays the tradition and cultural values of the neighboring country Bangladesh. Works of Manik Bandopadhyay, Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Rabindranath Tagore, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Jibananda Das and Kazi Nazrul Islam have modernized the ancient traditional literature of Bengal.
Durga pooja is the main festival and is celebrated in all the regions of Bengal. Majority of people worship Goddess Durga and hence all the rituals associated to the deity are celebrated. Rice served with the fish curry is the famous traditional cuisine of the state. Sweets plays a major role in Bengali cuisine and Sandesh is the popular typical sweet being served in Bengal.
The state is bordered by the international boundaries of Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh and the national boundaries of Jharkhand Orissa, Bihar, Assam and Sikkim. To the south, it touches the Bay of Bengal and Himalayas to the northern region. Ganges is the major River flows through the state and divides into two different branches thereafter. One to the Bangladesh in the name of River Padma and another to the Western region of the state in the name of Bhagirathi and River Hooghly.
The climatic or meteorological seasons are divided into four categories, winters, summers, rainy and a short autumn. The temperature ranges between 38˚C to 45˚C in extreme summers and remains average of 15˚C in winters. Due to the breeze coming from the Bay of Bengal, nights in summer season are mostly humid. Some of the regions often experience Snowfall with extreme cold temperature in winters.
Agriculture, mining and forestry are the primary sectors that contribute a large revenue to the state’s economy. Principal food crop cultivated in Bengal is Rice; while potato, sugarcane, wheat and jute are other crops being grown in larger volume. Tea is also grown in the northern region of the state. The city of Kolkata is known for the strong industrial setup.
A number of corporate companies are based in Kolkata such as Haldia Pharmaceuticals, Brittania Industries, ITC Limited, Coal India Limited, India Government Mint, Damodar Valley Group, Hindustan Motor, Birla Corporation, Exide Industries, UCO Bank, Bata India, Allahabad Bank, CESC Limited and United Bank of India. Major steel plants are located in the regions of Bengal and contribute to the economic growth of the state.