Uttarakhand, often referred to as ‘Devbhumi’ is located in the northern region of the country. There are a number of temples and religious places located in different regions of the state. It is the 27th state of India, being formulated on 9th November 2000 after the Himalayas and the north-western regions of Uttar Pradesh was separated to form a new state. Dehradun is the Capital city of the state.
The state is bordered by two national and two international boundaries. This includes Uttar Pradesh to the southern region, Himachal Pradesh to the north-west part, Tibet to the north and Nepal to the east. With the overall area of 53,483 square kilometres, the state is ranked as the 19th largest in the country. It is considered as the 20th largest region in terms of the density of population which is 10,116,752 as per 2011 census.
Specialties of Uttarakhand: -
Points of interest: -Nainital Lake, Har ki Pauri, Rajaji National Park, Badrinath Temple, Mansa Devi Temple (Haridwar), Valley of Flowers National Park, Chandi Devi Temple (Haridwar), Chota Char Dham, naini Peak, Tiffin Top, Maya Devi Temple (haridwar), Neelkanth Mahadev Temple, Lakshman jhula, Ram Jhula, Kedamath Temple, Hemkund, Snow View Point, Mussoorie, Nilkantha, Bhatta Falls, Rishikesh, Jumpin Heights, Kempty Falls, Bhimtal Lake, Tehri Dam, Jim Corbett Nation Park, Naini Devi Temple, Roopkund, Nanda Devi and Much more places....
Uttarakhand holds the highest number of Brahmin population in the country. Uttarakhand population is divided into two major communities, Garhwali and Kumaoni. There are more than a dozen of languages being spoken by the people of different regions of the state that includes Hindi, Urdu, Tharu, Rawat, Punjabi, Raji, Jaunsari, Buksa, Bhoti and Nepali. Hindi and Sanskrit are considered as the official languages of the state.
A variety of folk dance and songs are performed in the different regions of the state. Popular forms of dances are Chauphula, Jhora Chanchri, Chholiya, Hurka Baul, and Jhumaila. Popular forms of folk music are Khuded, Mangal, Chhopati and Basanti that are played using different musical instruments that includes dholki, dhol, thali, ransingha, mashakbaja, turri, damau and Mandan. Major Hindu festivals are celebrated in all the regions of the state.
Uttarakhand holds about 53,483 square kilometres and is divided into two regions, Garhwal and Kumaon. There are 13 districts in the state that are divided among these two divisions. Almora, Nainital, Bageshwar, Udham Singh Nagar, Champawat and Pithoragarh falls under Kumaon regions. The districts of Haridwar, Dehradun, Chamoli, Rudraprayag, Tehri Garhwal, Pauri Garhwal and Uttarkashi come under Garhwal division.
Second highest peak in India, Nanda Devi is located in Uttarakhand. Apart from two major Rivers, Ganges and Yamuna; more than 30 minor rivers flows in the state. Many rare species of flowers are found in the Valley of Flowers, located in the Joshimath region of Garhwal. A number of unique species such as the snow leopard, tigers and bharal long with many plants and herbs are found in the Himalayan region.
Soybean, coarse cereals, basmati rice, oil seeds, pulses, wheat and groundnuts are the major food crops grown in Uttarakhand. Some most exported products are medical plants, leechi, basmati rice, herbs and horticulture. Hydropower, pharmaceuticals, automobile, biotechnology and tourism are the key industries of the state.
The state’s economy is growing drastically. Information Technology and Tourism is contributing to the Uttarakhand’s economy Integrated Industrial Estates, Pharma City and Information Technology Parks based in the regions of Uttarakhand also makes it a fastest growing economy in India.