Uttar Pradesh- The Hindi Heartland of India

Uttar Pradesh is the Northern state of the country, bordered by eight national and one international boundary. Neighbouring states include Delhi and Haryana to the northwest, Rajasthan to the west, Chhattisgarh to the south, Uttarakhand to the north, Jharkhand to the southeast, Madhya Pradesh to the southwest, Bihar to the east, and Nepal to the north. Earlier, Uttarakhand used to be the part of Uttar Pradesh, but separated on 9 November 2000 to form a new and independent state.

With the total area of 243,286 square kilometres, it is ranked as the fourth largest state in the country. According to 2011 census, the state’s overall population is 199,581,477 and this makes it the most populous state of the country. There are 75 districts in the state with Lucknow as the capital city. Hindi and Urdu are two most spoken languages of the state.

Specialties of Uttar Pradesh: -

Points of interest: -Taj Mahal, Ganges, Agra Fort, Tomb of Akbar, Tomb of I’timad-ud-Daulah, Khasro Bagh, Manikamika Ghat, Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Dashashwamedh Ghat, Panch Mahal (Fatehpur Sikri), Mehtab Bagh, Dhamek Stupa, Assi Ghat, Ramnagar Allahabad Fort, prem Mandi (Vrindavan), Trivani Sangam, Alen Forest Zoo, Banke Bihari Temple, Radha Ramana, Aligarh fort, Guru ka Tal, Govardhan Hill, Chandra Prabha Wildlife Sanctuary, Ram Janmabhiomi, Qutb Minar, Krisha balaram manr, Babri Masjid etc..

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Culture

Hindu constitutes 79.7% of the total population of Uttar Pradesh, whereas Muslims forms 19.3%, Jains 0.1%, Christians 0.2%, Sikhs 0.2% and Buddhists 0.1% of the state’s overall population. Apart from Hindi and Urdu, other regional languages being spoken by the people of state are Bhojpuri, Kannauji, Awadhi, Braj Bhasha, and Bundeli. Rasiya is the popular music form of the state. Other forms of music include Qawwali, Sawani, Kajari, Chaiti, Sohar, Thumri, and Birha.

Kathak is the popular dance form of the state. Diwali, Dussehra and Rama Navami are celebrated in all the regions of Uttar Pradesh. Kumbh Mela is also organized every three months in Nasik, Allahabad, Ujjain and Haridwar regions of the state. Typical Indian cuisines such as Kachauri, Papad, Puri, Kheer, Rice, Sabzi and Raita are admired by the people of Uttar Pradesh.

Geography

The northern state of Uttar Pradesh is surrounded by Haryana, Rajasthan, Delhi, Jharkhand, Uttrakhand, Bihar and Nepal. Ganges and Yamuna are the two major Rivers of the state. Allahabad is considered city with great religious importance due to the fact that both great Rivers adjoins at the city and then flows in the name of Ganges to east. The state is a point of cultural, traditional and natural importance.

Taj Mahal, the beautiful monument built by great emperor Shahjahan is located in Agra. More than 30 minor River streams flow through the state. Major meteorological seasons experienced by the state are winters, summers and the monsoons. The temperature rises to 50˚C in summers and falls to 0˚C in winters. Major cities of Uttar Pradesh are Allahabad, Varanasi, Lucknow, Ghaziabad, Gorakhpur, Kanpur, Bareilly and Agra.

Economy

With agriculture as the main and the leading occupation, Uttar Pradesh is ranked as the third largest economic state of India. Wheat and sugarcane are the principle food crop and commercial crop respectively. The state produces and fulfils about 70% of the total country’s sugar requirement. Lucknow and Noida are emerging as the Information Technology hub cities.

A number of manufacturing products, including electronics, cables, jewellery, engineering products, railway coaches, frigates, electrical equipments, automobiles, wagons, leather, textiles, electronic and leather are produced in the state as many small to large scale industries are situated in different region of Uttar Pradesh.

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