Tripura, the state based in Northeast India is the third smallest state of the country. With the area of 10,491 square kilometres, the area is ranked as the 27th state. The state shares its boundaries with Mizoram and Assam to the eastern region. To the west, north and south it is bordered by the international boundary of Bangladesh. The state was established on 21 Jan 1972.
With the population of 3,671,032 people as per 2011 survey, it becomes the 22nd most populated state of the country and constitutes 0.3% of India’s total population. Agartala is the capital as well as the most populous city of Tripura. It is the most literate state as well with the overall literacy rate of 94.65% as per 2014 census. The two main languages being spoken by the people of Tripura are Kokborok and Bengali.
Specialties of Tripura: -
Points of interest: - Jampui Hills, Dharmanagar, Udaipur, Kunjaban, Tripurasundari Temple, Ujjayanta Palace, State Museum, Unakoti, Neermahal Palace, Sipahijala Wildlife Sanctuary, Heritage Park, Rudrasagar Lake, Rose Valley Amusement Park, Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary etc.
Majority of population in Tripura follows Hinduism. About 31% of the India’s indigenous population lives in the region of Tripura. Durga Puja is the main festival of Tripura. Muslims constitutes about 8.6% of its total population. Bengali language is being spoken by 67 percent of Tripura’s people while Kokborok is spoken by 27% of tribal population. Apart from Hinduism, other religions followed by Tripura’s people are Islam, Buddhist, and Christianity along with other religions.
Bamboo and Cane handicrafts items are manufactured in some of the regions of the state. Some of the famous dance forms are Jhum dance, Goria dance, Mosak Sulmani dance, Lebang dance and Mamita dance. Bijhu dance is another form of dance being performed during Bijhu festival while Hojagiri dance is performed by the tribal people. Cricket and football are the main sports being followed by the majority of people.
Tripura is one of the ‘Seven Sister States’, located in the north-eastern region of the country. The state is bordered by two national boundaries that include Assam and Mizoram as well as one international boundary of Bangladesh. It is a landlocked region with valleys, plains and hill ranges. The state is the home to several River streams that originates in the Tripura hills and flows to Bangladesh. Betling Shib, located in Jampui range is the highest point of the state.
The state is divided into several major districts that include Dhalai, North Tripura, South Tripura, Sipahijala, West Tripura, Khowai, Gomati and Unakoti. The districts are further divided into 23 subdivisions and 45 development blocks. Temperature ranges between 13˚C to 27˚C in winters, while it reaches from 24˚C to 36˚C in summers.
About more than half of the Tripura’s total population is engaged in agriculture. Rice is the major food crop, cultivated to a greater volume along with Pulses, Mesta, Jute and Sugarcane. Pineapple and Jackfruit is largely produced and contributes a large volume to the state’s economy.
Tripura is considered as a significant natural gas reservoir. A couple of power generating plants and thermal power stations are based in Tripura. Tourism industry is also growing at a fast pace and contributing a higher revenue to the state’s economy.