Telangana is the youngest state of India that falls in the southern part of the country. It was earlier the part of Andhra Pradesh and was separated on 2nd June 2014 to form a new and independent state. With the area of 114,840 square kilometres, the area becomes the 12th largest state in India. Telugu and Urdu are the regional languages of Telangana and are being spoken by a majority of population.
The state is ranked 12th for the population chart as well with the statistics of 35,193,978 people as per 2011 survey. It comprises of 10 districts with Hyderabad as the Capital city. Major cities of the state are Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Khammam, Karimnagar, Warangal and Ramagundam. Places such as Charminar, Falaknuma Palace and Kuntala Waterfalls attract tourists from all over the country.
Specialties of Telangana: -
Points of interest: -Charminar, Nahru Zoological Park, Karimnagar, Hussain Sagar, Chowmahalla Palace, Golkonda, Khammam, Salar Jung Museum, Falaknuma Palace, Makkah Masjid (Hyderabad), Sri Ramachandra Swamy Temple, Ramoji Film City, NTR Gardens, Medak Cathedral, Osman Sagar, Lumbini Park, Jalavihar, Anantagiri Hills, Shamirpet Lake, Snow World, Mahavir Harina Vanadthali Nation Park, Birla Mandir, Birla Science Museum, Himayat Sagar and so on…
A combination of south Indian customs and traditions blended with the Persian traditions is found in Telangana. There are many temples and locations that are of religious importance such as Bhadrachalam temple, Badapahad dargah, Yadagirigutta temple, Ramappa temple, Jogulamba temple, Gnana Saraswati temple and many more.
Traditional classical music is popular in the people of the state and regular events as well as functions are being organized from time to time to promote the same over the present and the upcoming generations. Gusadi dance is also performed at various events by famous artists. Shadow puppet show is traditionally performed by the people of the state.
The state is situated on the Deccan plateau. A number of popular rivers are drained in the state of Telangana that includes, Krishna River, Godavari River along with minor river streams, namely, Manjira, Musi and Bhima. A mixture of hot and dry climatic conditions can be seen in the regions of Telangana. The temperature remains 42˚C in summers and falls to 22 to 23˚C in winters. Monsoons hit the ground in the month of June and lasts till September.
Three popular National parks and wild life sanctuaries are based in Telangana. Mrugavani National Park and Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park are based in the district of Ranga Reddy; Kasu Brahmananada Reddy National Park is based in Hyderabad; Pakhal Wildlife sanctuary is located in Warangal district; Manjira Wildlife sanctuary in Medak district and Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary in Adilabad are some of the examples.
Telangana’s economy is mainly based on the agriculture. Rice is the major food crop along with mango, cotton, tobacco and sugarcane. The state is rich in minerals and coal reserves. Other major manufacturing industries are textiles, automobiles, spices, minerals, horticulture, poultry, pharmaceutics and apparels along with service industries.
A number of software parks and IT companies are based in the state including Software Park in Hyderabad, Apparel Park in Gundlapochampalli, HITEC City, Export Promotion Park based in Pashamylaram and Bio Technology Park situated in Turkapally adds to the economy of the State. With the development of advanced infrastructure, the economy of the state is emerging at a highest pace.