Odisha, pronounced as Orissa is situated in the eastern region of India. The state is surrounded by the Jharkhand, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. It is ranked as the 9th largest state by area. The state is also known by the name of Utkala which is also mentioned in Jana Gana Mana, the National Anthem of India. Odia, often pronounced as Oriya is the regional language being spoken by a large volume of population.
Earlier Cuttack was considered the Capital city of Odisha. It was used as the Capital of the region for a long time earlier and during the British era. But, later on it was replaced by Bhubaneswar. There are many ancient temples and religious spots located in the state and these places are known for the strong beliefs and unique architect.
Specialties of Odisha: -
Beautiful Cities: Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Sambalpur, Puri, Rourkela, Konark, Barbil, Jeypore, Bargarh, Paradeep
Odisha is famous for its rich culture and unique handicrafts. Brass work, terracotta art objects, golden grass and cane work, appliqué work and silver work are some of the examples of the state’s unique and artistic excellence. There are a number of temples situated in the region including the famous Jagannath temple, Kapilash temple, Sun temple Konark, Tara Tarini temple and many more.
Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism are the main religions being followed by the Odisha people. Odissi, also known as Orissi is the famous classical dance of the state with an unbroken and unique tradition of 2000 years. Famous music of Odisha is the combination of four distinctive categories called Dhruvapada, Chitrakala, Chitrapada and Panchal.
Odisha is famous for its geographical features that consist of cultural and traditional locations. With the overall area of 155,820 square kilometres, the state comprises 4.87% of India’s total area and ranks 9th in the country. With the population of 41,947,358, Odisha stands 11th in terms of population. Deomali Deomali is the highest mountain peak of Odisha. Apart from this, Golikoda (1617 m), Yendrika (1582 metres) and Sinkaram (1620 m) are other highest peaks.
With the total of 48,903 square kilometres, 31.41 of the overall area of the state are covered by forests. Many rare and unique endangered species are found in the state. Black crowned night heron, sarus crane, grey heron, Indian cormorant are some of the rare species of birds found in the state. Odisha meteorological seasons are divided into four different categories that include winter, pre-monsoon season, south-west monsoon season and north-east monsoon season.
With a larger coastline and abundant natural resources, Odisha has emerged as the preferred destination for domestic or international investors. IT and Software giants such as Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys, Mindtree, Mahindra Satyam, Pricewaterhouse Coopers have their branches in Odisha. A number of public sector enterprises such as NALCO, HAL and Sunabeda are also located in the state.
Odisha contains one-fifth of country’s coal, one third of bauxite and chromite reserves, and a quarter of the overall iron ore found in the country. Due to the emergence of a large number of small to large scale industries along with multinational corporations, the state has become a stable economic region in the country.