Located in north- eastern region of India, Nagaland is bordered by three States and one international border. Kohima is the capital city of Nagaland while Dimapur is the largest city. The state is divided into 11 districts and is mostly covered with mountains. A rich and unique variety of flora and fauna is found in the state and it is often known as the “Falcon Capital of the World”.
Nagaland was established in 1 December 1963 as the 16th state of India. With the literacy rate of 80.11%, it becomes the 13th most literate state in the country. It is the most diverse state in terms of languages as it is known to have 36 different languages. Most of the population follows Christianity as religion in Nagaland.
Specialties of Nagaland: -
Points of interest: - Kohima, Dimapur, Mokokchung, Wokha, Mon, Phek, Kiphire etc.
Nagaland is the house to 16 main tribes- Angami, Konyak, Ao, Lotha, Chang, Phom, Thadou, Sumi, Bodo- Kachari, Sangtam, Chakhesang, Yimchunger, Zeme- Liangmai, Rengma and Khiamniungan. Each and every tribe and its people are unique in nature. Every tribe have its own rules, regulation, language, religion and beliefs. They have their own dressing sense and the dressing style is distinctive, yet influential.
Baptist culture is highly followed worldwide and constitutes about 75% of the total population of the country. These counts are more than the Baptists in Mississippi or Texas in United States. Islam and Hinduism are another religions found in the state of Nagaland.
The north-eastern state is bordered by Arunachal Pradesh to the northern boundaries, Manipur to the southern part, Assam to the west with some part in the northern region. Eastern boundaries of the state meet Burma to the east. With 11 districts and the overall area of 16,579 square, it is ranked 25th largest in the country. Mount Saramati is the highest peak of the state.
The state enjoys elongated winter season with few months of summer. Strong winds hit the regions of Nagaland in the month of February and March. About one- sixth of the overall area of Nagaland is covered with tropical and sub- tropical forests. Bamboo, timber, mahogany and rattan are some of the common forests found in the state. One of the most famous and unique species of birds, Great Indian Hornbill is found in the state. Blyth’s Tragopan, a rare pheasant is the symbolic bird of Nagaland.
Apart from agriculture, Nagaland is rich in mineral reservoirs that include, iron, cobalt, marble, limestone, coal, chromium and nickel. Handicraft stone is found in large volumes in some regions of the state. Potato and Sugarcane are some of the cash crops grown in some regions of Nagaland and contributes to its economy.
Another important resource of economic growth is the rich forests. Other major sources of the state revenue are the cottage industries that include woodwork, pottery and weaving. State has considerable hydroelectric potential. If the hydroelectric energy is realized and utilized in appropriate manner; it will not only uplift the economic growth, but make Nagaland a power surplus state.