Manipur lies in the north- eastern state of the country that was established on 21 January 1972. The state is sometimes known by different name such as Sanaleibak and Kangleibak. The state shares its boundaries with Mizoram to the south, Nagaland in the north part and Assam to the western region. It also shares it international border in the eastern region with Burma. Due to its geographical location, the state is referred to as the shining pearl in the Himalayas. National language of the state is Manipuri.
People in the country are divided into various categories that include Naga, Meetei, Pangal and Kuki; all of them speak different language known as Sino- Tibetan. Meeitei forms 27% of the total population and speaks Lingua Franca, a type of language. Pangal are known to follow the culture and religion similar to the Muslims. All the categories of Manipur people are important due to their diverse, traditional, religious and cultural beliefs.
Specialties of Manipur: -
In the rich Manipuri culture, theatre performance is the major source of entertainment. Ras Lila is the traditional classical dance of Manipur. This dance form is inspired by Lord Krishna and his beloved Radha and illustrates their life through graceful moments. Various festivals are celebrated in Manipur and some of them are Yaoshang, Kang, Christmas, Lui-ngai-ni Ningol Chakouba, Heikru Hidongba, Gan-ngai and Cheiraoba.
The festivals in Manipur are based on the Lunar calendar and are celebrated accordingly. Cheiraoba is celebrated as a new year during Spring season. People use to climb up the hills that signify the desire of reaching new heights in the upcoming year. The cuisines in Manipur are healthy, tasty, simple and organic. Manipuri people do not use oil in a variety of dishes.
Manipur comprises of 9 districts, namely, Chandel, Senapati, Bishnupur, Churachandpur, Imphal East, Thoubal, Imphal West, Ukhrul and Tamenglong. Imphal is the Capital city of Manipur. Four major river basins are located in the state that includes Manipur River Basin, Barak River Basin, Lanye River Basin and Yu River Basin to the central Manipur, west, north and east respectively.
Manipur River basin comprises of eight major rivers, including, Iril, Manipur, Sekmai, Thoubal, Imphal, Khuga, Chakpi and Nambul. Total area covered by Manipur is 22,327 square kilometres, out of which 600 square kilometres is engaged by the lakes that flows through the state.
The state has a trade, agriculture, forestry and cottage driven economy. In the north-eastern region of the country, Manipur tops the chart in arena of handicrafts units and artisans as it holds the highest counts of both. In rural areas, agriculture and related activities are the only source of income. Most of the income comes from paddy fields as the rice produced in Manipur are known to be sweet.
In Manipur, all kind of vegetables are grown as the yielding in the state is comparatively higher with good quality crops. Small scale as well as cottage industries also contributes to the state’s economy to some extent. This largely helps Manipur in becoming a self reliant state.