Madhya Pradesh literally means the Central Province is situated in the central region of India. Due to its geographical location in the map of India, it is nicknamed as “the heart of India”. Due to the heavy population per square kilometres, it is ranked the 6th largest populated state of the country. Capital city of the central state is Bhopal while Indore is the largest city and the state is second largest in terms of overall area.
Madhya Pradesh was known to be the largest state in India until 2000, when Chhattisgarh, situated in Southern part of the state was separated to make it an independent state. In earlier era, Nagpur used to be the Capital city of the state. It is one of the least developed areas of India with average economic figures. The state comprises a large population of numerous tribes.
Specialties of Madhya Pradesh: -
Points of interest: - Kandariya Mahadeva, Bandhavgarh National Park, Kanha Tiger reserve, Omkareshwar, Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Taj-uk-Masajid, Van Vihar National Park, Lower lake (Bhopal), Lakshmana Temple (Khajuraho India), Dhupgarh, Vamana Temple (Khajuraho), Bhimbetka Rock Shelters, Parvati Temple (Khajuraho) etc...
Madhya Pradesh possesses a rich treasure of Folk and Classical music. There is numerous classical music Gharanas, including Gwalior Gharana, Maihar Gharana and Senia Gharana incorporated in the state. Two of the renowned singers of medieval India, Baiju Bawra and Tansen are from Madhya Pradesh. Famous playback singers, who are known to be the legend of the playback singing, Lata Mangeshkar and Kishore Kumar were also born in Madhya Pradesh.
There are different forms of Folk singing being performed in the state that includes Sanja geet, Vasdeva, Kalbelia, Kalgi Turra, Alha, Bhopa, Faga, Videsia, Garba Garbi Govalan, Nirgunia, Dagar, Dadel, Mandlya, Kalsa, Charan, Bhartahari and Pandwani Gayan. A large number of state’s population follows Hinduism. Other religions being followed are Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism.
Madhya Pradesh is the central region bordered by Chhattisgarh in the south eastern part, Uttar Pradesh in the north east region, Gujarat and Rajasthan to the west and northwest respectively and Maharashtra to the southern end. Famous regions in the state include Bundelkhand, Malwa, Chambal, Nimar, Baghelkhand Gird and Mahakoshal. Chattisgarh, earlier the southern part of Madhya Pradesh was separated in 2000 to form a new state.
There are 51 districts situated in the state of Madhya Pradesh and Indore is the largest city. Total population of the state is 72,597,565; out of which 20,059,666 is urban based and 52,537,899 are rural. The statistics indicates that most of the people in Madhya Pradesh live in towns and villages.
Agriculture is one of the major occupations being practised in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Being an agrarian state, the state produces sugarcane, soybean, cotton, wheat, maize, mustard, rice, gram, arhar and rapeseed. Largest reserves of copper and diamond are found in the state. Other reserves are manganese, coalbed methane, dolomite and coal.
Indore, being the central region is the commercial centre of Madhya Pradesh. Due to the geographical location of the state, numerous manufacturing industries are located in the region. Emerging tourism industry adds to the economy of the state as there are many religious and historical places present in the Madhya Pradesh.