Kerala, historically known as Keralam, is a state located in the south west region of India. The state lies on the Malabar Coast. It was formulated by combining regions where Malayalam was spoken as the regional language. The state is divided into 14 districts and ranked the 13th largest state by population. Thiruvananthapuram is the Capital city of Kerala. Malayalam is the widely spoken regional as well as the official language of the state.
Kerala possesses the highest literacy ratio in India which is 93.91%. Hinduism is the major religion being followed by more than half of the overall population. Islam and Christianity are other religions followed by the people of Kerala. Due to the face that Kerala is a rich spice exporting state, it is often known as the “Spice Garden of India” or the “Garden of Spices”.
Specialties of Kerala: -
Points of interest: - Tea Gardens (Munnar), Kerala Backwaters (Kumarakom), Guruvayur Temple (Guruvayoor), Kolukkumalai Tea Estate (Munnar), Athirappilly Waterfalls, Vadakkunnathan Temple (Thrissur), Shri Padmanabhaswamy Temple (Trivandrum), Vazhachal Falls (Athirapally), Chottanikkara Bhagavathy Temple (Kochi (Cochin), Muzhappilangad Drive-in Beach (Kannur), Varkala Beach (Varkala), Poovar Island (Trivandrum), Pazhavangadi Ganapathy Temple (Trivandrum), Wonderla Amusement Park (Kochi (Cochin), Agastya Mala (Trivandrum), Vembanad Lake, Chembra Peak (Kalpetta), LuLu Mall (Kochi (Cochin), Marari Beach (Alappuzha), Thonikadavu - Day Tours (Kasaragod) and much more....
The cosmopolitan and composite culture of Kerala is adorable. Graphical diversities led to a distinctive state where a unique form of lifestyle, art and literature, language, institutions and religious beliefs can be seen. A large number of traditional and religious festivals are celebrated in Kerala. Onam is the main festival that is celebrated in all the regions of the state.
Apart from this, there are many temple festivals, namely, Makaravilakku, Chinakkathoor Pooram, Attukal Pongala, Utsavams, Thrissur Pooram, Vrishchikotsavam, Thiruvabharana Ghoshayatra, Ashtmi, Maha Shivaratri and Chembai Sangeetholsavam. Five distinct forms of Classical Dance are performed in Kerala that includes, Mohiniyattam, Thullal, Kathakali, Krishnanattam and Koodiyattom. Kathakali is the most popular among all five dance forms and are performed by renowned artists and schools students in various events all over the country.
The southern state shares its boundaries with Tamil Nadu in the south and eastern region, Karnataka in the north east as well as northern ends, and in the west with the Lakshadweep Sea. 38,863 square kilometres of the overall country’s area is covered by Kerala and this makes it the 22nd largest state of India.
Kerala is the region of heavy rainfalls with tropical climate. On an average, the state receives 120 to 140 days of heavy rain per year. The state remains wet and humid most of the time. It is an ideal destination one must visit in its lifetime. The mesmerizing beauty of the beaches, blended with zero pollution and traffic interference makes it among the top visiting places. A large number of domestic and international tourists visit Kerala each year.
A large volume of Kerala’s population is working in the foreign countries, especially Gulf countries. Therefore, the money coming from foreign resources and emigrants contribute a lot to the state’s economy. Agriculture also adds average revenue but the traditional manufacturing products such as Handlooms, coir and handicrafts contribute a major section to Kerala’s economy.
Giant Software companies, including Oracle, Nest, Capgemini, IBS, Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys, ICL, Suntec and UST Global are situated in Thiruvanathapuram, the Capital City of Kerala. With this, the city is the largest source of income and is known as the “IT hub of Kerala” .