Karnataka, a state located in the south western region of the country was formulated on 01 November 1956. It is originally known as the State of Mysore and was renamed in 1973 as Karnataka. By are, it is ranked the seventh largest state of the country and the eighth largest by population.
The state comprises of 30 districts and Kannada is the regional as well as the official language being spoken in all the areas of the state. Many historic places are located in Karnataka. Beauty of artistry can be seen in the statues and temples all over the state. Beautifully carved temples, built by some of the then Kings still exists and are considered the World Heritage Site.
Specialties of Karnataka: -
Points of interest: - Mysore Palace, Mysore Zoo, Bahubali, Hoysaleswarantemple, Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary, Cubbon park, Bangalore Palace, ISKCON Temple Bangalore, karanji Lake, Lal Bagh, Badami Cave Temple, Tipu Sultan’s Summer Palace, Bangalore Fort, Bannerghatta Nation Park, Abbey falls, Kudremukh, Hal Aerospace museum, Thottikallu and much more.....
Karnataka is the state of diverse religious ethnicities and languages. Apart from Kannadigas, the state is a home to Kodavas, Konkanis and Tuluvas. A small amount of Karnataka’s population comprises of Tibetans Buddhists. A major theoretical form or drama being performed through classical dance in the state is Yakshagana. Gamaka and Kannada Bhavageete are classical music genre practiced in Karnataka.
In Karnataka, the traditional form of dressing is saree for ladies and dhoti for men. in some of the regions both saree and dhoti are wrapped in a distinguished style and form. A traditional headgear mainly worn in south Karnataka is known as Mysore Peta. Staple food forms of the state are Ragi and Rice. Distinctive cuisines, such as Udupi is being prepared in some of the regions of the state.
Karnataka, the south western state is neighboured by Goa, Telangana, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Arabian sea to the north west, north east, north, east, south east, south west and west respectively. The state covers around 5.83% of the total area of the country. The state comprises of three main Geographical zones that includes Western Ghats in the Malenadu region, Coastal Region in Karavali and Deccan Plateau in Bayaluseeme region.
Krishna, Kaveri, Malaprabha, Sharavathi and Tungabhadra are some of the important rivers of the state. Mullayanagiri hills, situated in the Chickmagalur district are the highest point in the state with an altitude of 1929 meters. Three climatic zones found in Karnataka are coastal, south interior and north interior. Temperature varies from 45.6˚C in summers to 2.8˚C in winters. Nearly 20% of Karnataka’s geographical area is covered with forests.
The economy of the state is rising consistently and it contributes nearly 5.2% to India’s economy. A large part of the state’s population is engaged in agriculture and related occupations. Bangaluru, the Capital city is the hub of Information Technology. A large number of Multinational Companies and International IT firms are set-up in the city, such as National Aerospace Laboratories, Indian Telephone Industries, Indian Space Research Organization, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and many more.
Oil refinery, namely Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemical Limited is situated in the area of Mangalore. Karnataka is a home to a major silk industry in India. Muddenahalli, near Bangalore International Airport is considered as the silk city of Karnataka.