Dal Lake in Srinagar is most important landmark in Jammu and Kashmir and second largest lake in urban area. The lake is also known as the “Jewel in Crown of Kashmir” and “Srinagar Jewel”. Dal Lake is an important source of fishing and water plant harvesting site in the city. Average depth of the lake is 5 feet; maximum depth is 20 feet and covered 18 sq km area but along with natural wetland includes 21 sq km to floating garden. The garden is very famous for lotus flower that blossom during the months especially in July, August and mid of September. At present Dal lake, Mughal garden, Shalimar Bagh and around region is undertaken by Government of India and doing massive investment to increase tourism.
According to Indian epic in ancient the lake is related to Hindu goddess Durga, but really development started during the Mughal Period emperor Jahangir to Aurangzeb in 1707. But in British period, the state has been becoming a big tourist point, because British also made their summer capital of Srinagar especially in summer session and due to cool climate of Kashmir Valley.
The lake not attracted only natural lovers but also filmmakers and on around 20 films has been shot around the famous lake. Films like Junglee, Jab Jab Phool Khile, Mission Kashmir, Dil Se, Kabhi Kabhi, Rockstar and many more.
The lake is located in the foothills of Shankracharya hills, and average elevation of the lake is 1583 meters. Multiple theories are related to the formation of lake some scholars says that is post- glacier lake. The fishing industry on Dal is the second largest industry, the fishes use especially for commercial purpose.