Situated in the western most part of India, the state is popularly known as the Jewel of West India. Gandhinagar is the Capital city of the state, Ahmedabad being the largest city and Gujarati as the mother tongue of the native people. A glimpse of ancient Indian Valley Civilization such as Dholavira and Lothal can be seen in the state. Lothal is world’s first seaport city while Dholavira is known to be among the largest as well as most prominent site for archaeological treasures that belongs to Indus Valley Civilization.
Gola Dhoro, an important segment of Gujarat’s culture is the attest discovery. Near about 50 settlement ruins for the respective civilization have been found in the state. Junagadh is another important suburb of the state. The great Somnath temple, one among twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Lord Shiva is being situated on the sea shore.
Specialties of Gujarat: -
Points of interest: - Sabarmati Ashram, kankaria lake, Gir Forest National park, Akshardham, Dwarkadhish Temple, Gimar, Rani ki Vav, Sayaji Baug, Baroda Meseum and Picture Gallery, Palitana Temple, Watsom Museum, Nagina Wadi, Pavagadh Hill, Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary, Prag Mahal, Vastrapur Lake, Statue of Unity, Somnath Mandir, Nahru Bridge, Ukai Dam, Sardar Patel Stadium, Nakki lake, Science Center Surat and so on....
Gujarat is considered the state of diverse cultures. It is a secular state where people are free to follow their own religion. As the state respects people from all the cultures and religions, Hinduism, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Jainism and Christianity followers can be found in different suburbs of the state. It comprises of the third highest Jain population in the country.
Different patterns of handicrafts can be seen in the Bhuj district of Gujarat. Since it share its border with Pakistan, a glimpse of Sindhi art can be seen in the masterpieces being produced Gujarati artisans. A rich treasure of literature and poetry can be found in the different regions of the state. Popular Laureates such as Shamal Bhatt, Dayaram, Hemchandracharya, Mirabai, Govardhanram Tripathi, K.M. Munshi, Pannalal Patel, Suresh Joshi, Rajendra Shah and Umashankar Joshi.
Neighboring state of Gujarat are Maharashtra to the south, Rajasthan to the northern region, Madhya Pradesh in the east and Arabian Sea to the west. The famous province of Sind in Pakistan also borders in the western part of the country. It also encompasses Union Territories of Daman and Diu as well as Dadar and Nagar Haveli to the south. Narmada River is one of the biggest rivers of peninsular India.
Though Gujarati is the main language being spoken by a large density of population, there are other languages as well. Smaller communities found in the state are Tamils, Telugus, Assamese, Parsis, Konkanis, Punjabis, Bengali, Malayalees, Anglo Indians, Maharashtrians, Portuguese, Tibetans, Nepalese, Greeks, Odias and many others.
Gujarat is a home to many business corporations and considered among the chief industrial hubs in the country. Agriculture products including sugarcane, dates, milk and milk products, groundnuts, cotton contributes a major part to the state economy. There are oil refineries being owned by Reliance India Limited, Chemical ports and natural gas terminals located in the state.
Major cities of Gujarat, including, Junagadh, Jamnagar, Surat, Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Vadodara, Rajkot and Bhavnagar plays a vital role in increasing the living standard of the state’s population. The state produces around 98% of soda ash required by the country and fulfils 78% salt requirement of the people of India.