Mahabodhi temple is a Buddhist stupa situated in Bodhgaya (in Gaya District) which is 96 km far from Patna, capital of Bihar. The temple comes under the UNESCO World Heritage site. It is one of the four holy sites that relates to the life of lord Budha, and mainly to the attainment of Enlightenment. It is the most visit holy place in buddhism and visited by Buddhist and Hindu.
People believed that The Bodhi tree is connected with the life of Budha (Siddhartha Gautam), who was meditating under it. The Temple was built in the east part of Bodhi tree which is supposed to be a direct descendant of the Bodhi tree.
According to Buddhist Mythology, if the Bodhi tree doesn’t grow at the site so the ground around the tree is deprived from any plants as well as no one else can travel through the ground under the Bodhi tree (No being, not even Elephant).
In the 6th century B.C. Siddhartha Gautam attained Supreme Enlightenment at under the tree and become the Buddha. The date of Buddha birth and death are the difficult to say but Buddhist and historians supposed that Buddha lived in 6th and 5th century BC. In the 3rd century, The Great Ashok was the first Buddhist ruler of India. And in the 2nd century, the temple was replaced by the current Mahabodhi Temple and in 2002, World Haritage Site UNESCO take it under itself.
The Mahabudhi Temple is one of the earliest temple of Buddhist and built with bricks and still survives. The temple height is 50 meters and 54 meters tall. You can see the sculpture images on the wall of temple which depicts scenic from the life of Buddha. The Bodhi Tree and Jewel Walk is the point of the temple.