All You Need to Know about Bihar

Bihar is located in the Eastern region of India and ranked 13th largest state in the country. The state was established on 1st April 1936 and was reorganized in the year 2000, when the southern region of the state was separated to form a new state, now known as Jharkhand.

Patna is the capital as well as the largest city of Bihar. There are 38 districts in the State. A large number of people, (around 85%, according to an estimate) lived in the village area of the state. The state is ranked 3rd most populated region in the country. The Governor is the Constitutional Head of the state and is appointed by the President of India, but the State’s Chief Minister holds real executive powers.

Specialties of Bihar: -

Points of interest: - Mahabodhi Temple, Nalanda University, Bodhi Tree, Patna museum, Golghar, Muchalinda Lake, Griddhakuta Peak, Sanjay Gandhi jaivik Udyan, Buxar Fort, Takht Sri Patna Sahib, Vishnupad Mandir, Agam Kuan, Jal Mandir, Mahaveer mandir, Patan Devi, Patna Planetarium, Funtasia Water Park, Gautam Budha Wildlife Sanctuary etc.



The official language of the state is Hindi and Urdu. Other languages being spoken in Bihar are Angika, Magahi, Maithili, Bajjika and Bhojpuri. Among all given languages, Maithili is nationally recognized. Muslim forms about 17% of Bihar’s population and speaks Urdu.

Paintings are among the most practiced traditional activities in the region of Mithila. Paintings are frequently done on walls during religious events, festivals, marriages and other auspicious occasions. Bihar has contributed in the arena of classical music as well. Musicians like Bharat Ratna Ustad Bismillah Khan.

Bhojpuri film industry has emerged significantly in past few years. First Bhojpuri movie was released in 1961. As present, the respective film industry has reached the worldwide audience.


Subtropical climatic conditions with extremely hot temperature in summers and chilly winters make Bihar, a state with diverse weather. Temperature ranges between 35 to 40˚C in summers and 0 to 10˚C in winters can be experienced. Small hills such as the Rajgir hills are located in the central region of the state.

Located in east India, Bihar is ranked the 13th largest state with 3rd largest in terms of population. Ganges flows in middle of the state from west region to the east; it divides the state into two equal proportions.

The Chota Nagpur Plateau, now in Jharkhand used to be the part of Bihar till 2000. Ganges River Dolphin, an endangered species of mammals is found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra is the national aquatic animal of the state, is found in the state.


Bihar holds only 1% of the country’s overall industrial base with less than 1% industrial output. Economy of the state is basically service oriented, but agriculture contributes around 22% in overall revenue. A small industrial base is found in Bihar with cottage and small scale household industries.

Bihar is a largest producer of lichi and is ranked 3rd for producing pineapples. Bihar is a major producer of guava, mangoes and banana. Two major cash crops of the state are jute and sugarcane. The state has improved and developed in the arena of IT and technological infrastructure. Maize, rice and wheat are some of the cereal crops cultivated in the state.

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