Assam is one among the seven sister states that includes, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram and Manipur. It is a beautiful place with many scenic destinations. Kaziranga National Park, located in the state is declared World Heritage Site. Many wild species such as rhinoceros, tiger, deer, elephant and sambar can be found in the park along with many other endangered species. In winters, different species of birds migrate to the state from around the globe.
The Capital city of Assam is Dispur and the largest city is Guwahati. The official language is Assamese. Hon’ble Governor of the state is Padmanabh Balakrishna Acharya and Chief Minister is Tarun Gogoi. Population of the state is 31,169,272 as per 2011 census; with the literacy rate of 73.18%. River Brahmaputra is the popular river of Assam.
Specialties of Assam: -
Points of interest: - Kamakhya Temple, Umananda Temple, Agnigarh (Tezpur), Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden, Orang Nation Park, Dipor Bil, Srimanta Sankardev Kalakshetra, Assam State Meseum, Haflong Lake, Madan Kamdev, Kaziranga National Park, Cruise on River Brahmaputra etc...
Specialities: Tea plantations, oil and petroleum reserves
One of the popular cultural practices is Symbolism which is also an ancient way of life. In this practice, different elements are adopted to represent pride, beliefs, identity and feelings. Three important symbolic components in the respective culture are Gamosa, Tamulpan and Xorai. Bihu is a festival series that includes rongali or bohag, kongali or kati and bhogali or magh.
Rongali is celebrated in the beginning of spring that incorporates sowing season. Kongali is celebrated when the fields are abundantly green. Bhogali is the thankgiving festival that is rejoiced to after the crops are harvested and the barns are completely full. Uruka is celebrate a day before each festival when cows are treated with special care and are taken to the ponds for bath. With the change of time, the traditional culture and beliefs have taken a modernized look.
Assam incorporates three physiographic divisions of the country. These are the Northern Plains, the Northern Himalayas and the Deccan Plateau. Due to Brahmaputra, the climate in Assam remains cold with heavy rainfall. The temperature in the state falls between 35-38˚C in summers and 6-8˚C in winters. Assam is a universally important region with a rich biodiversity zones consisting of deciduous forests, bamboo, tropical rainforest, orchards and grasslands.
The state is the reservoir for many endangered species that includes golden langur, white winged wood duck, black breasted parottbill, Jerdon’s babbler, Asian elephant, wild water buffalo, Ganges River Dolphin, black pond Turtle, Bengal florican, Asian forest tortoise, Ganges Shark and many other threatened species. Due to this, the state attracts many tourist and research professionals to the state.
Oil and Agriculture industry plays a vital role in the economy of the state. The economy is consistently improving with emerging tea farms and increasing demand of Assam tea in all continents of the world. Apart from this, Assam is also known for producing rice, mustard seed, potato, papaya, sugarcane, banana, rapeseed, jute, turmeric, areca nut, and sweet potato.
About 15% of India crude oil comes from Assam’s refineries that are located in Guwahati, Numaligarh, Digboi and Bongaigaon. It is the second most state producing natural gas in the country. Other industries contributing to Assam’s economy are paper mills, sugar mills, cosmetics, chemical fertilizers and many more.