According to Islamic calendar, Muharram is said to be the first month. On first day of Muharram, Muslims observed the Islamic New Year. This Islamic calendar is basically a lunar calendar and it is 11 or 12 days shorter than the solar year. It is bit distinct as compared to the Gregorian calendar that is used in the western nations. In comparison to Gregorian calendar which is also known as solar calendar, Muharram lunar month shifts from year to year.
The month of Muharram is said to be most significant religious act for Islamic people all over the world. Muharram is the most sacred month of the year in comparison to all the other months, eliminating Ramdan. Muharram means “Ashura”, i.e. the 10th day of the month of Muharram.
Muharram is the holiday for all Muslims across the country and they grieve on the first 10 days of the month. During this entire time period, they wear black color clothes and participates in different mourning meet ups. They visit to the mosque with their family members to memorize Matyr Imam Husain, the grandson of Muhammad who died during the battle of Karbala in AD 680 on the tenth day. As this dismal happened on the 10th day of the Muharram, this is why it is considered as day of sorrow.
This occasion starts on the first day and continues till 10 days until the tenth day of Muharram occurs. Once the month of Muharram comes, all Muslims usually wears black color as black is considered to be color of mourning. During this entire period they keep themselves away from all kind of happy events and music so that they don’t get distracted. This day is known as day of Ashura. “Ashura” is a very vital day for both sections of Islam for both Shias and Sunnis.